Humberside Geologist No. 13

Cement making at South Ferriby, N. Lincolnshire

By Petar Vjestica, Works Manager, Rugby Cement Works, South Ferriby.

and

The Geology and some recorded fossils from South Ferriby Quarry

By Felix Whitham

 

In past issues of Humberside Geologist very little has been published about how the rocks and clays we all keenly examine, describe and extract fossils from, are utilised and manufactured into a vast variety of materials and other essential everyday products. It is therefore a refreshing change to be able to publish details from a leaflet on Cement Making prepared by Petar Vjestica the Works Manager of Rugby Cement at South Ferriby in North Lincolnshire. The chalk and clays used in the manufacture of cement are extracted from their Middlegate Lane Quarry near to the main works. The following 10 figures which make up the leaflet are reproduced here, with slight modifications to Figure 3 to include some geological features.

figure 1; figure 2; figure 3; figure 4; figure 5; figure 6; figure 7 ; figure 8; figure 9; figure 10

As a Geological Society we are pleased to have the opportunity to publish this excellent transcript (with permission by Petar) and at the same time express our sincere thanks to the management of Rugby Cement for allowing our members to visit the quarry over a period of many years for research purposes and to collect fossils.

My own experience with South Ferriby quarry dates back to the early 1950s before the works and quarry was taken over by Rugby Cement in 1962 and of course long before the Humber Bridge was built which meant a long journey from Hull via Goole. Eastwoods Humber Cement, the previous owners, first started operations in 1938 and in those days chalk was dug by hand and transported to the works from Middlegate Lane by overhead bucket container over a distance of 1.5 km. Clay, mostly Boulder Clay, was extracted from pits behind the works and moved via a narrow gauge railway system. At that time the first excavation of chalk was from the flinty part of the Turonian lower Terebratulina lata Zone and later from the flintless Mytiloides labiatus Zone, subsequently penetrating about 22 metres of Cenomanian, flint-free, mostly greyish chalk.

I was fortunate to be able to observe some of the steady increase in the depth of the quarry which accelerated rapidly following the take over by Rugby Cement in 1962, when a new high speed conveyor belt with a capacity of 4 000 tonnes a day replaced the old bucket system and a new 1 000 tonnes a day kiln, complete with the latest technology in chalk and clay grinding was installed in 1967. Output was doubled in 1973 with the introduction of more advanced technical equipment allowing a rapid increase to take place in chalk extraction which quickly reached the Lower Cretaceous Red Chalk and Carstone deposits, which although not suitable for cement making are utilised for stabilizing old workings and for back-fill. The underlying Upper Jurassic Kimmeridge and Ampthill Clay was soon exposed making it possible for the first time to provide both clay and chalk from within the confines of the quarry. At the present time 16 to 18 metres of clays are worked and the Oxfordian/Kimmeridgian boundary can be observed about 8 metres above the floor of the quarry.

Varying quarry operations at different horizons over a period of many years has enabled the writer to log the succession in considerable detail and at the same time collect and record fossil horizons (see enclosed Figure and list of fossils). A full report was first published in Humberside Geologist No. 10 1992, from which further more detailed information can be obtained.

List of recorded jurassic and cretaceous fossils FROM THE MIDDLEGATE QUARRY, SOUTH FERRIBY, N. LINCS.

UPPER CRETACEOUS CHALK : TURONIAN

Mytiloides labiatus & Terebratulina LataZones

Ammonites

Mammites nodosoides (Schluter)

Lewisiceras peramplum (Mantell)

Watinoceras sp.

Echinoids

Hemiaster nasutulus

Conulus castenea

Conulus subrotundus Mantell

Bivalves

Mytiloides labiatus (Schlotheim)

Inoceramus lamarcki (Parkinson)

Inoceramus ? striatoconcentricus

Inoceramus sp. ? brongniarti group

Brachiopods

Orbirhynchia cuvieri (d’Orbigny)

Gibbithyris sp.

Concinnithyris sp.

CENOMANIAN

Holaster subglobosus & Holaster trecensis Zones

Ammonites

Parapuzosia (Austiniceras) austeni (Sharpe)

Acanthoceras rhotomagense (Brongniart)

Acanthoceras (A..) rhotomagense

jukesbrownei Spath

Schloenbachia varians (J. Sowerby)

Turrilites costatus Lamarck

Hypoturrilites ? acutus Passy

Nautilus sp.

Bivalves

Aucellina coquandiana (d’ Orbigny)

Inoceramus crippsi Mantell

Inoceramus shondorfi Woods

Inoceramus brongniarti group

Inoceramus conicus Gueranger

Inoceramus pictus J. de C. Sowerby

Entolium orbiculare (J. Sowerby)

Limaria elongata (J. de C. Sowerby)

Lyropecten (Aequipecten) Woods

Pycnodonte vesicularis Lamarck

Plagiostoma globosa J. de C. Sowerby

Oxytoma sp.

Turnus sp.

Gastropods

Pleurotomaria perspectiva (Mantell)

Brachiopods

Concinnithyris subundata (J. Sowerby)

Concinnithyris sp.

Rectithyris sp.

Ornatothyris sulcifera

Gibbithyris sp.

Kingena concinna Owen

Terebratulina etheridgei Owen

Orbirhynchia mantelliana (J. de C. Sowerby)

O. multicostata Pettitt

O. wiesti (Mantell)

Terebratulina sp.

Belemnites

Actinocamax primus Arkhangelsky

Actinocamax plenus (Blainville)

Belemnocamax boweri Crick

Neohibolites ultimus (d’ Orbigny)

Echinoids

Echinocorys spherica Schluter

Camerogalerus cylindrica

Hemiaster griepenkerli Agassiz

Holaster subglobosus Leske

Holaster trecensis

Holaster sp. undescribed

Salenia petalifera Goldfuss

ALBIAN RED CHALK

Mortoniceras inflatum & Hopolites dentatus Zones

Ammonites

Anahopolites planus (Mantell)

Dimorphoplites cf. hilli

Leymeriella sp.

Nautilus sp.

Bivalves

Birostrina concentricus Parkinson

Birostrina sulcatus Parkinson

Inoceramus anglicus Woods

Inoceramus lissa (Seeley)

Inoceramus ? tenuis

Entolium orbiculare (J. Sowerby)

Pycnodonte vesicularis (Lamarck)

Aucellina coquandiana (d’ Orbigny)

Plicatula gurgitis Pictet & Roux

Belemnites

Neohibolites minimus (Miller)

Neohibolites attenuatus (Miller)

Neohibolites oxycaudatus Spaeth

Serpulids

Rotularia unbonata (J. Sowerby)

Brachiopods

Boubithyris sp.

Concinnithyris cf. subundata (J. Sowerby)

Platythyris capillata d’Archiac

Moutonithyris dutempleana d’Orbigny

Ornatothyris sp.

Kingena sp.

Terebratulina etheridgei E.F. Owen 1988

Cyclothyris sp.

Rectithyris sp.

Echinoids

Hemiaster morrisii Woodward

Epiaster sp.

Crinoids

Isocrinus cf. cretaceous

Isocrinus sp.

Corals

Podoseris sp.

Trochocyathus sp.

Vertebrates

Sharks teeth

Fish vertebra

LOWER ALBIAN CARSTONE

Douvilleiceras mammillatum & Leymeriella tardefurcata Zones

Ammonites

Leymeriella sp.

Derived Jurassic spp.

Vertebrates

Derived reptile vertebra

Belemnites

Neohibolites minimus (Miller)

Neohibolites attenuatus (Miller)

Neohibolites m. pinguis Stolley

Bivalves

Aetostreon latissimum (Lamarck)

Entolium orbiculare (J. Sowerby)

Inoceramus ? salomoni

Neithea sp. indet.

Rastelllum colubrina (Lamarck)

Brachiopods

Burrirhynchia leightonensis Walker

Cyclothyris mirabilis (Walker)

Modestella festiva Owen

 

 

 

UPPER JURASSIC KIMMERIDGE CLAY

Pictonia baylei & Rasenia cymodoce Zones

Ammonites

Amoeboceras sp.

Pictonia baylei Salfield

Perisphinctes sp.

Rasenia cymodoce Spath

Brachoipods

Rhactorhynchia inconstans (J. Sowerby)

Reptiles

Plesiosaurus cervical vertebra

Ichthyosaurus caudal vertebra

Bivalves

Camptonectes sp.

Deltoideum delta (W. Smith)

Myophorella sp.

Pleuromya uniformis (J. Sowerby)

Pholadomya sp. V. Large specimens

Oxytoma expansum (J. de C. Sowerby)

Gastropods

Dicroloma sp.

Others

Serpulid

AMPHILL CLAY

Ringsteadia psudocordata Zone

Ammonites

Amoeboceras glosense (Bigot & Brazil)

Divisosphinctes sp.

Decipia decipians (J. Sowerby)

Persphinctes sp.

Ringsteadia spp.

Belemnites

Pachyteuthis abbreviata

Others

Serpulid

Bivalves

Deltoideum delta (W. Smith)

Myophorella sp.

Pleuromya uniformis (J. Sowerby)

Oxytoma expansum (J. Sowerby)

Pholadomya sp.

Thracia depressa (J. de C. Sowerby)

Gastropods

Dicroloma dispansum

Bathrotomaria recticulata (J. Sowerby)

 

 

(c) Hull Geological Society 1999 + 2001