Skipsea Withow Mere

Measuring July 2013.

Anne Horne, Graham Kings, Mike Horne, Rodger Connell, Ros Perry, Stuart Jones and Tony Barker.

A line was established on the beach with a bearing of 344 degrees (magnetic +/- 2 degrees) and all readings taken from that. The datum line for the vertical sections was take from that beach line – and so we have to assume that the beach line was horizontal; it didn’t have any lumps or pits in it.

There had been a lot of erosion since the last visit… even the gateway to Mr Moo’s had been moved back. We found what we thought was the site of that gateway close to the cliff top at the head of the stream.

GPS readings –

Mike Horne –

Readings at the exposure were taken as close to the base of the cliff as possible.

Large concrete block on beach TA 1838254657

Northern end of our beach line TA 1836454657

Northern end of mere deposits 1835654653

Northern end of stream mouth 1836654625

Site of old gateway 1835354621

Distance from old gateway to our beach line 23.7m

Site of new gateway 1833454621

Pill box on hill overlooking the site 1807154632

Southern end small bay south of the stream 1836454613

Next "headland" south 1837854603

Southern end of mere deposits 1837254595

Next "headland" south 1838754585

Southern end of our beach line 1839754570

Plastic drain pip in cliff

Large concrete block (larger one of many) 1841554562

Remains of Pillbox on beach (roughly opposite mouth of stream) 1839554624.

Position of the cliff exposure. Distances from the line to as near to the base of the cliff as we could get, starting at the northern end of the line measured at right angles from the line. (Anne & Mike Horne)

0m – 5.4m

2m – 4.9m

3m – 5.2 m to low fore cliff, 9.4m to back cliff

4m - 9.8m

6m – 9.5m

8m – 8.9m

10m – 7.3m

12m – 6.1m to low fore cliff, 12.8m to back cliff

14m – 14.9m – end of silt deposits

16m – 14.8m

18m - 14.2m

20m – 13.5m

22m – 12.2m

24m - 11.8m

26m – 11.6m

28m -11.4m

30m – 10.8m

31m – 11.0m northern mouth of stream

32m – 15.3m – southern mouth of stream

33m - 15.5m

34m – 17.1m

35m - 18.3m

36m – 19.8m

38m – 22.0m

39m – 22.4m

40m – 23.4m

42m - 23.5m

44m – 15.5m

46m - 15.3m

48m – 15.0m

50m – 14.5m

52m - 10.0m to low fore cliff

54m – 8.6m to low fore cliff; southern end of peat deposits

56m – 7.6m

58m – 8.5m

59m - 9.3m

60m - 15.4m

61m – abrupt southern end of mere deposits – steeply dipping gravels and sands.

62m – 15.6m

64m – 13.9m

66m -12.8m

68m - 8.5m

70m - 8.7m

72m - 8.2m

74m – 6.2m

76m – 5.9m

78m – 6.5m gravel layer in boulder clay starts

80m - 8.8m

82m – 10.2m

84m – 10.8m

86m – 12.1m

88m – 13.2m

90m – 14.1m

92m – 14.5m

94m -15.7m


Vertical measurements of the cliff sections. The pegs are numbered in the same sequence as the beach line, i.e. metres south from the northern end. Measurements are given from the top down to beach level.

Peg 0 (at northern end of the beach line)

1.23m soil

0.30m peat and wood

1 m grey silt

2.46m boulder clay


0.89 boulder clay to beach (base not seen)

Peg 4

1.3 m Brown soil

1.2 m peat

0.94m m grey silt an shells; dip 19 degrees

Narrow/missing sand and gravel

1.31m boulder clay


0.49m boulder clay

Peg 6

1.42m soil

1.42m peat and wood

75cm grey silt

62cm boulder clay


57cm boulder clay

Peg 8

1.28m soil

1.54m peat and wood

68cm grey silt

36cm boulder clay


>72cm boulder clay

Peg 10

1.0 m soil

1.8m peat

Obscured by cliff fall

40cm boulder clay


78cm boulder clay

Peg 12

120cm soil

1.60m very loggy peat

55cm peat


30cm grey silt

>15cm gravelly boulder clay

Peg 16

72cm soil

120cm peat and wood

78cm peat


Base of peat not seen

Peg 26

0.70m soil

0.96m peat

0.3m peat


0.4m peat

Peg 30 (northern side of stream mouth)

122cm soil

73cm peat and wood

29 cm black peat


>54cm black peat

Peg 32 (southern side of stream mouth)

Top of cliff removed

153cm peat


Peg 38

0.63m soil

Peat to datum line ( >1.2m visible)

Peg 42

70cm soil

138cm fine peat with logs

42cm grey silt


Peg 48

0.83m soil

0.9 m peat

0.53m peat

0.62m grey silt; apparent dip at top 5 degrees to north

0.29m boulder clay


0.4m boulder clay

Peg 50

0.33m soil

0.9 m peat

0.86m grey silt

0.56m boulder clay


27 cm boulder clay

Peg 52

91cm soil

60cm peat

100cm grey silt – apparent dip at top 17 degrees towards north

120cm boulder clay


>50cm boulder clay

Peg 54

54cm soil

87cm silt (brown)

12cm gravel (orange)

140cm silt (brown)

133cm boulder clay


>40cm boulder clay

Peg 56 (on the corner)

34cm soil

40cm brown silt

34cm orange gravel

29cm laminated silt – dip at top 24 degrees to 2 degrees north

5cm gravel

ca 135cm brown silt

170cm boulder clay


70cm boulder clay

Peg 58

0.5m soil

0.3m gravel

0.4 m sand

0.1m gravel

0.3m sand

0.9 m sand with occasional gravel layer

1.84m boulder clay


0.71m boulder clay

Peg 60

0.49m soil

0.06m gavel

0.09m sand/clay

0.09m gravel

0.28m lam grey silt

0.39m inserted sand/gravel lens in silt bed

0.34m grey silt

1.4 m dark grey silt and chalk

1.52m boulder clay


0.26m boulder clay

Between pegs 60 & 62

Steeply dipping beds of sand and silt seen in top 2m of cliff (see photographs)

Peg 68

3m boulder clay weathered at top

1.2m brown sand, gravel and laminated silt.

1.4m boulder clay


>0.3m boulder clay

copyright - Hull Geological Society 2014